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Cyprian Kamil Norwid

Cyprian Kamil Norwid

Wanda. Rzecz w obrazach sześciu

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Cyprian Kamil Norwid

Cyprian Kamil Norwid (or more precisely Cyprian Ksawery Gerard Walenty Norwid of Topór coat of arms) (1821-1883) – poet, prose writer, playwright, essayist, graphic artist, sculptor, painter and philosopher. He is known as the last of the four leading poets of Polish romanticism, though many historians of literature consider it excessive simplification. He spent most of his life abroad, mainly in Paris, making a living doing odd jobs, in great poverty. The poet forgotten by his contemporaries, discovered in the period of Young Poland, chiefly owing to Zenon Przesmycki-Miriam. Author of lyric poetry (Bema pamięci żałobny rapsod, Do obywatela Johna Browna, Moja ojczyzna), poems (Fortepian Szopena), memoirs, short stories, and dramas (Kleopatra i Cezar, Krakus. Książe nieznany). He translated Byron, Shakespeare, Benvenuto Cellini, Béranger, Horace, Tirteus and Homer. Norwid also authored the drama Wanda – a story of the legendary princess whose grave is believed to be in Nowa Huta. There is no question to whom Norwid dedicated his drama: ”To the grave of Wanda near Krakow/ in deep respect/ devoted/by the Author”.

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