Cud mniemany, krakowiacy i górale
(1757-1829) – Polish actor, opera singer, director, writer, playwright, translator, promoter of enlightenment ideas, freemason, Director of the National Theatre in Warsaw, and the founder of the theatre in Kalisz, known as “the father of Polish theatre”. Author of Nędza uszczęśliwiona, Ślub modny, Szkoła kobiet and Szkoła obmowy.
On the 1st of March 1794 Cud mniemany, czyli Krakowiacy i Górale, a vaudeville with music by Jan Stefani and libretto by Wojciech Bogusławski had its premiere at the National Theatre in Warsaw. It is considered the first Polish national opera. It is set in a mill and an inn which have survived to this day next to the Cistercian Monastery in Mogiła, now part of Nowa Huta. The premiere of the opera took place four weeks before Tadeusz Kościuszko oath to the nation. The Polish elite gathered at the performance just before the Third Partition of Poland.
Krakowiacy i górale was the first premiere at the Ludowy Theatre in Nowa Huta on the 3rd of December 1955. The spectacle was directed by Wanda Wróblewska. The play became part of the cityscape of Nowa Huta – housing estates neighbouring Teatralne estate and Ludowy Theatre bear the names Krakowiaków and Górali. In 1971, a monument to Wojciech Bogusławski was unveiled in the park at Rogoziński Villa in Mogiła.